As of September 2021, the China-Europe freight trains have reached more than 170 cities in 23 European countries, according to data from China’s National Development and Reform Commission. With over 70 routes, the freight-train service is available for the economic and social development in countries and regions along the route of the Belt and Road Initiative.
The success of China-Europe rail freight raises the question of its subsidy policy. In 2022, an adjustment seems more likely than an outright end to subsidies.
What competitive advantages and features do road transport have and will they be able to form a worthy alternative to rail transport?